Despite the recognition of the principles of equality and universality of rights to access and benefit of energy resources, persist in several countries an unequal and partial access, control and use of those resources for vulnerable groups and in particular women. The legislative reforms that consecrated egalitarian legal systems were not accompanied by a social transformation that did indeed assert equal rights for men and women. This social transformation with the aim of build an egalitarian and equitably society is still a process and a challenge for almost every country in the world. There is a need therefore to structural changes of modern society and this on all levels and in the political, economic and educational plans.
It is necessary to develop mechanisms that allow countries to design their own energy policies, incorporating the gender perspective through participatory planning and management and the national dialogue in the search for the best ways of managing energy resources, contribute to access to energy and other natural resources through the integration of the gender approach in legislation, policies, programs, management of resources in order to improve the living conditions of men and women in urban areas as in rural areas, with positive impacts on the economy, food security, nutrition and health and consequently the improvement of conditions of life of the surrounding community.
Should be investment in strengthening national capacities through participatory methods and an approach based on gender for the promotion of equal rights to access to energy, elaboration of detailed procedures tailored to national and regional specificities in order to increase the participation and engagement of women and youth in the management of energy resources through participatory planning and selection of the most appropriate technologies to increase household incomes and enhance economic security, the structuring of social protection systems and public policies to effectively contribute to overcoming gender inequalities, and also create conditions for the implementation of monitoring and evaluation systems to estimate the impact of integrating gender issues in legislation, in policies, programs and projects sustainable management of energy resources.